After adding complementary food, every baby needs tableware. We don't talk about the brand and style, only the material. This is the most critical factor in choosing tableware.
There are too many materials for children's tableware, such as plastic, ceramic, stainless steel, silica gel, glass, plant fiber, imitation porcelain... Today, we will analyze one by one, and friends who can’t wait can directly pull it to the end of the article to see the conclusion.
When you mention plastic tableware, you must look at the identification code of the plastic variety, which is usually printed on the bottom of the container, which is the mark:
This logo is a simple recycling logo classification issued by the American Plastics Industry Alliance. It is voluntarily marked on the product by the manufacturer. This is actually only a large classification, which also includes many small branches. However, as consumers, we only need to understand the following The big category is enough.
PET is the most familiar mineral water bottle. It will release phthalic acid when heated. It should not be heated and should not be used repeatedly, especially in summer. Please do not drink mineral water that has been exposed to the sun or high-temperature in a car.
PE-HD (high-density polyethylene), such as supermarket plastic bags, detergent bottles and medicine bottles, etc., cannot hold hot food
PVC (polyvinyl chloride) can only heat about 80°C, and will release toxic substances at high temperatures. The low-quality plastic bags commonly used by small vendors are PVC. Do not use PVC plastic bags for hot food.
PE-LD (low-density polyethylene), such as cling film, plastic film, waterproof clothing for carton milk, etc. Studies have shown that LDPE will exudate nonylphenol and affect endocrine. Therefore, it cannot be used to hold hot food, and plastic wrap cannot be placed in a microwave oven.
PP (polypropylene), can withstand high temperatures up to 140°C, has relatively stable chemical properties, is resistant to chemicals and grease, and is the only type of plastic that can be placed in a microwave oven. But it should be noted that some microwave lunch boxes, the box body is PP, but the box cover is made of PE, because PE can not withstand high temperature, it can not be put into the microwave oven together with the box body.
PS (polystyrene), such as bowls of instant noodle boxes, fast food boxes, etc., cannot be placed in a microwave oven, nor can it be filled with hot food. It will release a toxic substance styrene that damages the brain and nervous system.
After reading the types of plastics above, everyone knows that there is only one type of plastic that can be used for children's tableware, which is PP polypropylene.
PP polypropylene advantages: heat resistance, drop resistance, stable chemical properties
Disadvantages: easy to age, crack, and not wear-resistant.
Plastic tableware can be selected, but you must look for the PP material. In addition, because PP is not wear-resistant, use a soft cloth when cleaning it, not a wire ball or brush.
The heat-resistant temperature of PP is only more than 100 degrees, and it cannot be used to hold hot food such as hot oil, and try not to directly use it for steaming.
After using the PP tableware for a period of time, you will find that there are many small scratches on the surface. These scratches can easily hide dirt and breed bacteria. If the wear is severe, just throw it away.
Plastic tableware can be made in a variety of shapes and is very popular with mothers, but no matter what the big-name products are, they are only plastic, and the service life is not long. It is recommended to use it when the baby learns to eat independently.
Melamine resin tableware, also called imitation porcelain tableware, is made of melamine and formaldehyde.
The US FDA has conducted experiments. When highly acidic food is placed in melamine tableware at a higher temperature (70 degrees) for more than two hours, melamine leakage can be detected. Of course, the leakage level is 250 times lower than the dangerous level specified by the FDA. , In theory, the formal and qualified melamine tableware is safer.
The low-priced imitation porcelain tableware sold by small vendors is the hardest hit area. They are glamorous and very beautiful, but they are definitely not to be bought.
Melamine tableware cannot be placed in a microwave oven. Do not scratch the tableware with metal tableware and kitchen utensils.
Silicone is not plastic, but rubber. It can withstand high temperatures above 250 degrees, is resistant to fall, is waterproof, does not stick, and is not easy to chemically react with foreign substances. Nowadays, many baby products are made of silicone, such as pacifiers, baby spoons, Placemats, bibs, etc.
Silica gel can be used in microwave ovens and dishwashers, but it cannot be burned directly on fire.
Disadvantages: It is easy to absorb other odors and the taste is strong and not easy to disperse.
High-quality silicone tableware can be safely used by children.
Be sure to choose 100% food-grade silicone tableware. Good silicone products will not change color when twisted. If there are white marks, it means that the silicone is not pure and filled with other materials. Don't buy it.
In recent years, there have been many plant fiber tableware, such as chaff fiber, corn fiber, bamboo fiber, etc. The raw materials are various renewable and rapidly degradable biological raw materials.
From the perspective of raw materials, plant fibers do not contain bisphenol A and plasticizers, which are indeed non-toxic and harmless, but it should be noted that these tableware are not necessarily made of 100% biological raw materials, and may be added Other substances, and there is no uniform standard for these additions.
Stainless steel is a metal alloy with stable structure and corrosion resistance. Different types and grades of stainless steel have different corrosion resistance.
The news broke some time ago, saying that stainless steel kettles can seep out heavy metals, is it true? It's true, but those stainless steels that ooze heavy metals are inferior, not qualified stainless steels.
What kind of stainless steel is qualified? The grade reaches 304 and has passed the national GB9648 certification, which is food-grade stainless steel.
Food-grade stainless steel does not ooze heavy metals. The laboratory test uses 5% sulfuric acid, which is more corrosive than vinegar or fruit juice, so there is no need to worry about it.
Higher grades of stainless steel have stronger corrosion resistance and are generally used in medical equipment. They are not needed as tableware. 304 food grade is sufficient.
There are also low-quality stainless steels, such as 200 grades, which are definitely not available for purchase.
Stainless steel is resistant to high temperature, abrasion and drop, and has stable properties. Qualified stainless steel tableware is very safe and can be used with confidence.
The disadvantage is that the thermal conductivity is too good, and hot food will be very hot when put in. Nowadays, many stainless steel tableware has a plastic shell on the outside, which solves this problem very well.
Ceramics are resistant to high temperature, acid and corrosion, high hardness, easy to clean, and can be used in microwave ovens.
The ceramic itself is safe, and the unsafe area is the glaze used for inferior ceramics, which may contain heavy metals such as lead and cadmium.
Pay attention to when choosing ceramic tableware:
1. Try to choose the colorless and patternless inner wall of the tableware;
2. Choose qualified underglaze tableware.
Of course, it does not mean that white ceramics are safe. You must choose qualified products. You cannot buy ceramic tableware from roadside stalls or stores for a few dollars.
High-quality ceramic tableware is very safe, but one disadvantage is that it is fragile, so you must never take the ceramic tableware to the baby to eat on his own. The fragments of the broken ceramics are very dangerous!
In addition to eating, you can use ceramic tableware at other times, such as steaming food, microwave heating, and so on.
The glass will not chemically react with food, nor will it leak toxic substances, it is hard, very safe, and easy to clean.
Glass has uniform and standardized manufacturing standards. As long as it is qualified glass tableware, it can be used with confidence.
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